What is Cyber Safety?
Cyber Safety means keeping the e-information safe and secure from intruders and becoming responsible for properly using technology. Cyber safety is a part of computer security that is applied to networks and connected computers. So ‘Cyber Safety’ can be defined as a secure and responsible use of the Internet to ensure the safety and security of personal information and not posing threat to anyone else’s information. It also involves awareness about possible threats to personal e-information along with the measures to prevent and encounter them.
Cyber Safety includes users’ safety and the security of private information from Cyber Crime. Sensitive information such as personal information and identity and passwords are often associated with personal property and privacy. Cyber Safety has now become a branch that deals with limiting computer crime, especially those associated with hacking and identity theft. Cyber Safety systems will implement various strategies to prevent unwanted computer behavior.
Why is Cyber Safety important?
Cyber safety is a fundamental practice important for all who store their personal information digitally. Practicing cyber safety is very important as it ensures that personal information like bank details and other confidential information is not susceptible to being intercepted or tampered with by unauthorized users.
What is cyber safety for students?
Different types of Cyber safety :
It means being aware of online threats and taking some precautions while surfing the web.
For this, some safety tips are required so that the user can use the internet service without hesitation. So safe browsing on the web needs to know many things like:
How to safely browse the web?
- Keep your browser software UpToDate.
- Scan files before downloading.
- Avoid using public or free WIFI
- Run antivirus software regularly.
- Keep changing your password.
- Be careful when any website is requesting more personal information than usually expected to give.
- Do not click on unknown links.
- While doing financial transactions be sure about the owner has a digital certificate issued by a trusted third party.
- Never leave your website open where your information is easily accessed.
- Whenever you are online and find any suspicious activity on the website, check the authenticity of the site.
And last but not least follow Netiquette.
Online identity theft is an act of stealing someone’s personal information such as name, login details, etc., and sometimes posing as that person on social media. Sometimes we have to give our personal information while filling up some forms or making online payments etc. and are used for harmful reasons like hacking, identity fraud, etc.
Types of Identity fraud
- Financial Identity theft for financial gain
- Criminal Identity theft for avoiding detection of their true identity.
- Medical Identity theft
Measures for Identity Protection :
- Review your personal and privacy settings carefully.
- Don’t accept friend requests from strangers in a misguided attempt.
- Use strong passwords that are comprised of numbers, letters, and symbols, and change them often.
- Avoid unsecured public Wi-Fi networks at public venues while reviewing your personal and sensitive data.
- Avoid using social networking website quizzes that open the door to your personal information to the quiz developer.
- Use anti-virus, firewalls, and anti-malware software and regularly or automatically update them
- Pictures or videos also contain viruses, Trojan horses and worms so are careful while clicking on any such picture.
- Be careful of clicking on links on social websites as they could lead to malicious code installed on your device.
- Log out of social networking sites when not in use. Use different login passwords for various sites.
- The most important is to use your common sense.
C-Proper Usage of Password –
Passwords are the most important component that protects you in the cyber world. For almost everything, you need to create a password like creating an account, checking e-mail ID, online transactions, etc. To protect your online information, use a long, strong, and difficult password so that intruders cannot guess them but at the same time keep them easy for you to remember.
But black hat hackers always try to steal your information in many ways so it is very important to use strong passwords for each account to prevent a cyber attack.
Tips for using proper password:
- Include numbers, symbols, and both uppercase and lowercase letters in your password.
- Never use personal information such as your name, birthday, username, or e-mail ID as a password.
- Do not use the same password for all accounts
- Avoid using exact or grammatically correct words like habit, hobby, music, etc.
- Password managers service that auto-generates and stores strong passwords can be used.
- Do not store your passwords on your device.
- Keep changing your passwords regularly.
- Never disclose your password to anyone.
D-Awareness of Browser Tracking:
Whenever you visit a website your web browser may reveal much information about your presence, search, browsing history, etc. that can be used by advertisers and cybercriminals. It is generally used by advertising departments to build up their network for pinpoint ad-targeting.
How to know if my browser is being hacked?
If you have seen any advertisement on any website and later the same appears on all other websites you are browsing then it means you are being tracked in some way.
How do websites track you?
Different ways websites can track you.
- IP Address: The unique address of the device connected to the Internet. There are four types of IP addresses: Private, Public, Static, and Dynamic. From the IP address of a machine, a website can determine the rough geographic location.
- Cookies and Tracking Scripts: Cookies are small pieces of information like login IDs, passwords, e-mail IDs, etc. that websites can store in your browser. Cookies can be used to track your browsing habits or to pinpoint you for ads. Cookies can be :
- First-Party Cookies: First-party cookies are placed directly by the website user is visiting. These cookies enable the website to collect analytics data, login Id Passwords, auto-fill information, etc.
- Third-Party Cookies: These cookies of the websites store information about your browsing and search history to place advertisements as per your choice. That sometimes results in unwanted advertisements on every website we visit.
- HTTP referrer: It means when you visit a website and click on the link of any other website then the linked website gets all internal information about you like IP address, location, web browser, device type, etc.
- Super Cookies: Super cookies are persistent Cookies that come back even after deleting them. Supercookies store data in various palaces like Flash cookies, Silverlight Storage, browsing history and local storage, etc. so if it is deleted from one location the cookies of the other location services the purpose of revealing the information to the websites.
- User Agent: A user agent is a program of the website that the browser sends every time you connect to the internet. It tells the websites your browser and operating system with some other piece of information that can be stored and used for ads.
Measures to protect your identity information while using the Internet
- Anonymous Browsing: Allows the user to visit the website without revealing the information of the user. It lets the user access the website anonymously.
- Private browsing: Private browsing helps us to use the Internet without revealing private information and search history. Some examples are:
- Incognito browsing
- VPN Virtual Private Network
Conclusion: Cyber safety is a very important term for every person in this digital era. It is very important to know …. How to stay safe online? As we work online all the time because now the time has come when people prefer to google things, they want to know instead of asking others for help. In this digital era, the internet is the tool that helps to complete most of the important tasks like online shopping, online banking transactions, online booking tickets, online learning, online business, etc. So it is also essential to know how to use it for remaining safe online.